Africa is the most termed continent by the world bank as being poor. Literally it may be but is it true?. Historically Africans were living much happier before the coming of the Europeans for their colonial interest of exploitation of natural and human resources to promote their own economy. Their coming may have brought some positivities such as better education, more knowledge about God, improvement in agriculture and infrastructures. However Africa today doesnot seems to reflect what africans believed to be. Empirical explanation from World Bank shows that a country with diverse natural resources such as oil and petroleum, gas, diamond, gold etc will have an improvement in GDP per capita and a corresponding increase in economic growth. Africa is naturally blessed with enormous economic resources, Why then growth becomes slower and difficult? Why are there little civil wars in Asia than in Africa
Western enormous influence in Africa especially Britain, France and the U.S is indeed questionable. It is factual that these western countries are thriving to a greater extend to implementing policies aiding Africa to develop but equally promoting underdevelopment. According to Transparency International in view of the Corruption Perception Index 2015, out of the last 10countries, six of them are Africans, notably Guinea- Bissau, Libya, Angola, South Sudan, Sudan and Somalia. It is thus surprising based on the empirical findings of the World Bank to see oil and petroleum rich countries like Angola, Libya and South Sudan featuring the last 10 countries for corrupt practices. Most of the African leaders today are corrrupt because they are being backed by powerful European leaders who in return receive huge resource export.The leader of Cameroon and Chad for example export tons of timbers and large barrels of petroleum to France as a cooperative means to secure and consolidate their powers. This is one of the main reasons why there are so many civil wars in Africa. Respect for constitution is a night mare to many african leaders. To some extend it seems that African themselves contribute largely to their own problem but greater contribution to African underdevelopment is cause by Britain, France and the United States.
There are many conscientious African leaders who had implemented polices to develop their countries and fight for the freedom of Africans. For example Muamar Ghadaffi of Libya- He introduced the United States of Africa and wanted Africans to move freely within African territories with a common currency.This idea came even before the formation of E.U but France and Britain who strongly opposed this idea, were proponent of the formation of E.U. He stop the flow of oil to the West and used the income from oil export, built one of the best hospital among the third world. Education and medical treatments were free in Libya and before Gaddafi only 25% of libyans were literate but during his reign literacy increase to 83%, Unemployment benefits were given to graduates who were jobless till they find jobs. Electricity was free, the price of petrol in Libya was $0. 14 per litre, Banks in Libya were state owned and interest on loans were zero percent, Gaddafi carried out the world’s largest irrigation project known as the Great Man-made River project to make water readily available throughout the desert. Libya had no external debt and its reserves amounted to $150 billion which is now frozen globally. Many African countries benefited from oil-libya – a petroleum tertiary services which was initiated by Gaddafi to promote Africa development. The West became afraid of these massive and powerful moves by Gaddafi and was afraid that African could one day become self sufficient or reliant. It was in this light that he was military ousted from power by Britain France and U.S for democracy reasons where politicians play dirty games giving people illusion of freedom. This has cause more havoc in the libya economy leaving the country as a ground of exercising military combat.The once Republic of Libya has now becomes the ‘People Republic of Terror’. The one Republic of Libya has now become divided with each region control by group of separatists, each fighting for control and secure power. Where are the British; French and the US now. US President Barack Obama has said failing to prepare for the aftermath of the ousting of Libyan leader Col Muammar Gaddafi was the worst mistake of his presidency.
Laurent Gbagbo former president of Ivory coast, intended to change the Frs currency to Ivoire and to cut-off illegitimate links with France concerning the exportation of resources. The Constitutional Council (Ivorian supreme court) announced former President Gbagbo as the winner of the Nov. 28th 2010 presidential election – following the rule of law and discounting votes from polling stations where there was proven fraud and violence. The UN, Britain, France and the United States recognized Alassane Ouattara as the winner based on the inappropriate proclamation of the Ivorian Electoral Commission, a pro-Ouattara organization with no authority other than to report to Constitutional Council. Despite Gbagbo’s call for an international review and recount of the votes the UN and France decided to get involved and exert military action to remove Gbagbo. This violates the UN Charter No. 2 which stipulates each country is sovereign. Laurent Gbagbo is now being tried in the International Criminal Court at the Hague for war crimes. The International Criminal Court ( ICC) is an institution acting as a permanent tribunal to prosecute people of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocides. This means it has the authority to abjudicate on claims brought to it, so it works as a referal system just like a normal court but for claims from All over the world. The first impression one might observes from its founding principles is that is acting for the greater good of every country in the world bt to date it has indicted and prosecuted approximately 90% of Africans. It should be thus known as International Criminal Court of Africa since it concentrate its effort only on Africans. So many critics has quoted on this. for example Kimberly Margaret quoted ‘The big fish- the United States and United Nations are free to violate the international law, to violate human rights with complete impunity. Since the ICC was founded the United States invaded iraq, Isreal attaked Gaza targetted civilian population. So it seems these rules apply only to weak nations.
Africa don’t manufacture military weapons, where does the so called terrorist groups in Nigeria ‘Boko Haram’ ‘Al Shabaab’ in Somalia and ‘Seleka’ in Central Africa Republic, purchase their weapons. They have put a knife on the things that hold us together and we are falling apart.
‘Things Fall Apart’.
Below is a list of Africans and their country that had been indicted and prosecuted by ICC to date.
|Sylvestre Mudacumura – Rwanda
Bosco Ntaganda – Congo
|Omar al-Bashir – Sudan
Abdallah Banda – Sudan
Saleh Jerbo – Sudan
Bahr Idriss Abu Garda – Sudan
Jean-Pierre Bemba – Congo
Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui – Congo
Germain Katanga – Congo
Ahmed Haroun – Sudan
Ali Kushayb – Sudan
Thomas Lubanga Dyilo – Congo
Joseph Kony – Uganda
Raska Lukwiya – Uganda
Okot Odhiambo – Uganda
Dominic Ongwen – Uganda
Vincent Otti – Uganda
This criticism has been echoed by former Chairman of the African Union, Jean Ping, who is “unimpressed” at the ICC’s over-emphasis on war crimes in Africa. He questioned why other places where war crimes are committed, i.e. Colombia, Iraq, Caucasus & Gaza, are being ignore.
Sources: International Criminal Court ( ICC and Africa- a special relationship.)
Table of results of Corruption Perception Index 2015 Transparency International