When we say social norms, we mean how our reflection network think and how they behave. Every community has different social and moral norms. In some societies, there are completely different norms and rules which are not acceptable for the rest of nations. In this blog post, I will discuss some of those social norms, their history, magnitude and how to get rid of them.
Firstly, I would like to talk about child marriage among Asian and African nations. As we know that in those continents the child marriage is widely spread. The families influence their daughters to marry early in order to maintain their daughters’ happiness. However, we know that there are a lot economic aspects conceal under this issue. The main issues are tradition, religion and poverty. According to the findings of International Center for Research on Women(ICRW) the marriage of children is the main responsibility of their parents. In other words, the parents must marry and protect their daughters. Because in those societies, the role of women are generally accepted as a house lady and mother. Furthermore, the girls from underprivileged families suffers a lot. There are several factors that show us why they end up with early marriage. A good example of this can be the education costs. Poor families take their girls from schools because of money scarce and more focus on their sons’ education. The girls who are not at school so it is preferably for family to marry her with someone. In order to address this issue, both governmental and non-governmental organizations need to take some actions. Raising the awareness, law sanction and promoting the girls’ education can reduce child marriage.
Secondly, I would like to discuss Female Genital Mutilation(FGM) in other words, female circumcision. This traditional practice involves cutting female genitals. This ritual is famous among South Asian, East African and in some Middle East countries. FGM is explained by four reasons:
- Custom and Tradition- Communities that practice FGM, they generally count as a custom and trying to save this tradition for next generation
- Women’s sexuality-They want to control women’s sexuality by reducing their organs
- Religion: Communities that insist that it has religious aspects, it has nothing to do with religion. As long as FGM practiced by Jews, Muslims, Christians and other indigenous religions in Africa, however none of the religions requires it.
- Social pressure: Where the community have the social norm like FGM, the families try to do this to their daughters in order to accepted by society.
The FGM impacts the girls’ health very negatively. During the act, the girl can have a shock, lose too many blood, got an infection which can cause death sometimes. But we have to mention inevitable psychological damages as well. The girls who undergone this horrible experience will suffer from anxiety and depression. However, the many organizations and government policies are against this ritual, but unfortunately even in Europe and North America this action is still happening. People need to be informed about the inferior consequences of this ritual and the media should create the awareness in order to minimize and the later get rid of this habit.