As we know humans on earth are distinguished by lot of differences. The language we speak, the way we dress and food we prefer etc.. Mostly this differences are led back to various types of cultures we live in. We are raised and used to the culture we have been born in and for us the values and believes of our own culture are reasonable. Usually we get in touch with another culture indirectly via news or directly via personal contact with foreigners or people from other areas within a country. Step by step we get to know the differences between us. Not only we get aware of the visible ones like clothing or languages, also about value and believes which show us a different behaviour or mind-set than we are used to.
To take a closer look to what extent values and believes have influence on behaviour of a population I would like to take a look at Hofstede’s Dimensions of culture, where we have the possibilities to analyse cultural differences based on the explanation of the certain behaviour of people with different roots. Hofstede describes six different dimensions in his framework: Collectivism/Individualism, Power distance, Masculinity/Femininity, Uncertainty Avoidance, Time orientation and Indulgence. The degree and the meaning of every single dimensions will be analyzed and compared so that we have for example an idea of what it means when a country has a high “Power Distance” or low “Power Distance”. This dimensions not only give us a good apprehension about diverse cultures but also how systems and people of different countries work. Also I would like to have a little overview about which influence behavior has on politics, economics and gender roles in different cultures. At this point I want also to connect some of Hofstede’s dimensions into these areas to explain the influence of these dimension to put theory in a real world context.
Furthermore I want to discuss about the fact that culture could be changeable and explain it with the dimensions and at least with the areas of politics and gender roles to show the changeability of culture. Of course I consider that a change of culture is a long way and that for some countries it takes more time to change and to accept it. The change has to come from within a culture and with the power of the mass of people.
Nowadays via internet and the increased curiosity of people we have more possibilities to get in touch with other people of different nationalities. We learn so much about different types of humans and usually compare them to our own values and behavior. The six dimensions of Hofstede and the changes of nations which came over the decades should teach us that the horizon of cultures is huge and that this horizon can be extended.
In a nutshell I would like to show the influences of culture on behaviour with the six dimensions of Hofstede and the connection to politics, economics and gender roles and also discuss the possibilities and opportunities of influencing the culture to change.